umroh mei 2019

Peneliti asal Soanyol memiliki teori baru tentang salah satu penyebab kepunahan neanderthal (Homo neanderthalensis). — Peneliti asal Soanyol memiliki teori baru tentang salah satu penyebab kepunahan neanderthal (Homo neanderthalensis). Menurut para peneliti, manusia ikut berkontribusi dalam kepunahan spesies itu, salah satunya dengan memburu dan memakannya.

Policarp Hortola dan Bienvenido Martinez-Navarro dari Universitat Rovira i Virgili di Tarragona, Spanyol, mengatakan, "Kecuali di tanah asalnya Afrika, di benua lain, Homo sapiens bisa dikatakan sebagai spesies invasif."

Saat ini, ada banyak kasus ketika spesies dalam hal invasi mengancam spesies lokal. Jadi, pada akhir masa pleistosen, mungkin saja neanderthal kalah berkompetisi dengan manusia yang terus menyebar ke Asia dan Eropa.

"Kami berpikir bahwa manusia yang mendiami relung yang sama dengan neanderthal, tetapi punya teknologi lebih maju, dalam kolonisasi di wilayah Eropa akan berkompetisi secara langsung untuk memperoleh makanan dan sumber daya alam lain," kata Martinez-Navarro seperti dikutip NBC News, 21 Mei 2013.

Kompetisi serupa dalam hipotesis ini juga dijumpai pada hewan lain. Misalnya, harimau bergigi pedang Afrika yang menginvasi Eropa 1,8 juta tahun lalu memusnahkan kerabatnya. Kemudian, invasi African spotted hyena juga bersamaan dengan punahnya giant short faced hyena 800.000 tahun lalu.

Hortola dan Martinez-Navarro dalam artikelnya di jurnal Quatemary International edisi Mei 2013 mengatakan bahwa mereka meyakini hipotesisnya, tetapi hingga saaat ini belum memiliki bukti yang bisa mendukungnya.

"Satu-satunya cara untuk menguji kebenaran teori itu adalah menemukan bukti langsung tanda bekas manusia memakannya pada tulang neanderthal, seperti tanda kerusakan pada tulang pada artefak yang dibuat manusia," kata Martinez Navarro.

Ilmuwan ekologi purba JR Stewart dari Bournemouth University di Inggris mengungkapkan bahwa memang bukti yang mendukung teori itu belum ada. Namun, bukan berarti teori itu bisa langsung gugur. Hanya, masih banyak yang perlu diteliti untuk membuktikan kebenarannya.

"Ini menarik karena faktanya sisa-sisa neanderthal yang memiliki tanda bekas dipotong ditemukan di tempat yang penuh artefak neanderthal, bukan artefak manusia. Ini artinya bahwa mereka dimakan neanderthal sendiri," katanya.

"Gagasan bahwa manusia memburu neanderthal hingga punah seperti kepunahan megafauna termasuk baru. Bukan manusia membunuh neanderthal dengan genosida, seperti yang sebelumnya pernah diduga," imbuhnya.


Editor :Liwon Maulana(galipat)

Lenovo telah menegaskan akan mempertahankan merek Motorola setelah vendor asal China itu mengakuisisi vendor ponsel tersebut.

Lenovo telah menegaskan akan mempertahankan merek Motorola setelah vendor asal China itu mengakuisisi vendor ponsel tersebut.

"Motorola juga merupakan brand yang sangat kuat di AS dan Eropa. Seperti halnya produk-produk IBM, kami juga akan mempertahankan merek Motorola selain tetap mengembangkan smartphone merek Lenovo," ujar Country General Manager Lenovo Indonesia Rajesh thadani.

Menurut dia, saat ini pihaknya dan Motorola tengah dalam masa transmisi dan konsolidasi bisnis, sehingga belum dapat diketahui rencana Lenovo ke depan terhadap Motorola.

Namun, kata Rajesh, akuisisi Motorola dan unit bisnis server x86 IBM makin melengkapi portofolio Lenovo dan sekaligus memperkuat bisnis smartphone, PC, dan tabletnya di level global.

Lenovo telah resmi mengakuisisi divisi ponsel Motorola dari Google Inc senilai USD 2,91 miliar. Angka ini juga merupakan nilai akuisisi terbesar di industri teknologi di China.

Dikutip dari GSMArena, sebagai bagian dari akuisisi tersebut, Google juga akan mempertahankan sebagian besar portofolio paten Motorola seperti current applications dan invention disclosures. Lenovo sendiri juga akan mengakuisisi sekitar 2 ribu paten disamping merek Motorola Mobility dan merek dagang Motorola.

Frontline  An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.

Frontline An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.

The program traces the outbreak to its origin, thought to be a tree full of bats in Guinea.

Review: ‘9-Man’ Is More Than a Game for Chinese-Americans

A variation of volleyball with nine men on each side is profiled Tuesday night on the World Channel in an absorbing documentary called “9-Man.”


‘Hard Earned’ Documents the Plight of the Working Poor

“Hard Earned,” an Al Jazeera America series, follows five working-class families scrambling to stay ahead on limited incomes.

GREENWICH, Conn. — Mago is in the bedroom. You can go in.

The big man lies on a hospital bed with his bare feet scraping its bottom rail. His head is propped on a scarlet pillow, the left temple dented, the right side paralyzed. His dark hair is kept just long enough to conceal the scars.

The occasional sounds he makes are understood only by his wife, but he still has that punctuating left hand. In slow motion, the fingers curl and close. A thumbs-up greeting.

Hello, Mago.

This is Magomed Abdusalamov, 34, also known as the Russian Tyson, also known as Mago. He is a former heavyweight boxer who scored four knockouts and 14 technical knockouts in his first 18 professional fights. He preferred to stand between rounds. Sitting conveyed weakness.

But Mago lost his 19th fight, his big chance, at the packed Theater at Madison Square Garden in November 2013. His 19th decision, and his last.

Now here he is, in a small bedroom in a working-class neighborhood in Greenwich, in a modest house his family rents cheap from a devoted friend. The air-pressure machine for his mattress hums like an expectant crowd.


Mike Perez, left, and Magomed Abdusalamov during the fight in which Abdusalamov was injured. Credit Joe Camporeale/USA Today Sports, via Reuters


Today is like any other day, except for those days when he is hurried in crisis to the hospital. Every three hours during the night, his slight wife, Bakanay, 28, has risen to turn his 6-foot-3 body — 210 pounds of dead weight. It has to be done. Infections of the gaping bedsore above his tailbone have nearly killed him.

Then, with the help of a young caretaker, Baka has gotten two of their daughters off to elementary school and settled down the toddler. Yes, Mago and Baka are blessed with all girls, but they had also hoped for a son someday.

They feed Mago as they clean him; it’s easier that way. For breakfast, which comes with a side of crushed antiseizure pills, he likes oatmeal with a squirt of Hershey’s chocolate syrup. But even oatmeal must be puréed and fed to him by spoon.

He opens his mouth to indicate more, the way a baby does. But his paralysis has made everything a choking hazard. His water needs a stirring of powdered food thickener, and still he chokes — eh-eh-eh — as he tries to cough up what will not go down.


Mago used to drink only water. No alcohol. Not even soda. A sip of juice would be as far as he dared. Now even water betrays him.

With the caretaker’s help, Baka uses a washcloth and soap to clean his body and shampoo his hair. How handsome still, she has thought. Sometimes, in the night, she leaves the bedroom to watch old videos, just to hear again his voice in the fullness of life. She cries, wipes her eyes and returns, feigning happiness. Mago must never see her sad.


 Abdusalamov's hand being massaged. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times


When Baka finishes, Mago is cleanshaven and fresh down to his trimmed and filed toenails. “I want him to look good,” she says.

Theirs was an arranged Muslim marriage in Makhachkala, in the Russian republic of Dagestan. He was 23, she was 18 and their future hinged on boxing. Sometimes they would shadowbox in love, her David to his Goliath. You are so strong, he would tell her.

His father once told him he could either be a bandit or an athlete, but if he chose banditry, “I will kill you.” This paternal advice, Mago later told The Ventura County Reporter, “made it a very easy decision for me.”

Mago won against mediocre competition, in Moscow and Hollywood, Fla., in Las Vegas and Johnstown, Pa. He was knocked down only once, and even then, it surprised more than hurt. He scored a technical knockout in the next round.

It all led up to this: the undercard at the Garden, Mike Perez vs. Magomed Abdusalamov, 10 rounds, on HBO. A win, he believed, would improve his chances of taking on the heavyweight champion Wladimir Klitschko, who sat in the crowd of 4,600 with his fiancée, the actress Hayden Panettiere, watching.

Wearing black-and-red trunks and a green mouth guard, Mago went to work. But in the first round, a hard forearm to his left cheek rocked him. At the bell, he returned to his corner, and this time, he sat down. “I think it’s broken,” he repeatedly said in Russian.


Bakanay Abdusalamova, Abdusalamov's wife, and her injured husband and a masseur in the background. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times


Maybe at that point, somebody — the referee, the ringside doctors, his handlers — should have stopped the fight, under a guiding principle: better one punch too early than one punch too late. But the bloody trade of blows continued into the seventh, eighth, ninth, a hand and orbital bone broken, his face transforming.

Meanwhile, in the family’s apartment in Miami, Baka forced herself to watch the broadcast. She could see it in his swollen eyes. Something was off.

After the final round, Perez raised his tattooed arms in victory, and Mago wandered off in a fog. He had taken 312 punches in about 40 minutes, for a purse of $40,000.



In the locker room, doctors sutured a cut above Mago’s left eye and tested his cognitive abilities. He did not do well. The ambulance that waits in expectation at every fight was not summoned by boxing officials.

Blood was pooling in Mago’s cranial cavity as he left the Garden. He vomited on the pavement while his handlers flagged a taxi to St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital. There, doctors induced a coma and removed part of his skull to drain fluids and ease the swelling.

Then came the stroke.


A championship belt belonging to Abdusalamov and a card from one of his daughters. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times


It is lunchtime now, and the aroma of puréed beef and potatoes lingers. So do the questions.

How will Mago and Baka pay the $2 million in medical bills they owe? What if their friend can no longer offer them this home? Will they win their lawsuits against the five ringside doctors, the referee, and a New York State boxing inspector? What about Mago’s future care?

Most of all: Is this it?

A napkin rests on Mago’s chest. As another spoonful of mush approaches, he opens his mouth, half-swallows, chokes, and coughs until it clears. Eh-eh-eh. Sometimes he turns bluish, but Baka never shows fear. Always happy for Mago.

Some days he is wheeled out for physical therapy or speech therapy. Today, two massage therapists come to knead his half-limp body like a pair of skilled corner men.

Soon, Mago will doze. Then his three daughters, ages 2, 6 and 9, will descend upon him to talk of their day. Not long ago, the oldest lugged his championship belt to school for a proud show-and-tell moment. Her classmates were amazed at the weight of it.

Then, tonight, there will be more puréed food and pulverized medication, more coughing, and more tender care from his wife, before sleep comes.

Goodbye, Mago.

He half-smiles, raises his one good hand, and forms a fist.

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