agenda umroh 12 hari

Setiap tahunnya biaya naik haji baik haji reguler maupun haji khusus / plus pasti berbeda-beda, Call/Wa. 0821-6122-7222 hal ini dikarenakan adanya perubahan komponen harga untuk kebutuhan pokok naik haji seperti biaya transportasi dan akomodasi termasuk living cost yang dibutuhkan jamaah selama berada di tanah suci sangat fluktuatif. Selain menyediakan paket-paket haji onh plus, umrah dan tour muslim sebagai bentuk layanan yang tersedia, Travel Alhijaz Indowisata juga berusaha menghadirkan mutowif (pembimbing) ibadah umroh haji yang ahli dan mendalami bidang Fiqih Islam, terutama untuk masalah ibadah umrah dan haji.

agenda umroh 12 hari

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Setiap tahunnya biaya naik haji baik haji reguler maupun haji khusus / plus pasti berbeda-beda, Call/Wa. 0821-6122-7222 hal ini dikarenakan adanya perubahan komponen harga untuk kebutuhan pokok naik haji seperti biaya transportasi dan akomodasi termasuk living cost yang dibutuhkan jamaah selama berada di tanah suci sangat fluktuatif. Selain menyediakan paket-paket haji onh plus, umrah dan tour muslim sebagai bentuk layanan yang tersedia, Travel Alhijaz Indowisata juga berusaha menghadirkan mutowif (pembimbing) ibadah umroh haji yang ahli dan mendalami bidang Fiqih Islam, terutama untuk masalah ibadah umrah dan haji.

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alamat travel haji plus

Setiap tahunnya biaya naik haji baik haji reguler maupun haji khusus / plus pasti berbeda-beda, Call/Wa. 0821-6122-7222 hal ini dikarenakan adanya perubahan komponen harga untuk kebutuhan pokok naik haji seperti biaya transportasi dan akomodasi termasuk living cost yang dibutuhkan jamaah selama berada di tanah suci sangat fluktuatif. Selain menyediakan paket-paket haji onh plus, umrah dan tour muslim sebagai bentuk layanan yang tersedia, Travel Alhijaz Indowisata juga berusaha menghadirkan mutowif (pembimbing) ibadah umroh haji yang ahli dan mendalami bidang Fiqih Islam, terutama untuk masalah ibadah umrah dan haji.

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Setiap tahunnya biaya naik haji baik haji reguler maupun haji khusus / plus pasti berbeda-beda, Call/Wa. 0821-6122-7222 hal ini dikarenakan adanya perubahan komponen harga untuk kebutuhan pokok naik haji seperti biaya transportasi dan akomodasi termasuk living cost yang dibutuhkan jamaah selama berada di tanah suci sangat fluktuatif. Selain menyediakan paket-paket haji onh plus, umrah dan tour muslim sebagai bentuk layanan yang tersedia, Travel Alhijaz Indowisata juga berusaha menghadirkan mutowif (pembimbing) ibadah umroh haji yang ahli dan mendalami bidang Fiqih Islam, terutama untuk masalah ibadah umrah dan haji.

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Setiap tahunnya biaya naik haji baik haji reguler maupun haji khusus / plus pasti berbeda-beda, Call/Wa. 0851-00-444-682 hal ini dikarenakan adanya perubahan komponen harga untuk kebutuhan pokok naik haji seperti biaya transportasi dan akomodasi termasuk living cost yang dibutuhkan jamaah selama berada di tanah suci sangat fluktuatif. Selain menyediakan paket-paket haji onh plus, umrah dan tour muslim sebagai bentuk layanan yang tersedia, Travel Aida Tourindo Wisata juga berusaha menghadirkan mutowif (pembimbing) ibadah umroh haji yang ahli dan mendalami bidang Fiqih Islam, terutama untuk masalah ibadah umrah dan haji.

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Setiap tahunnya biaya naik haji baik haji reguler maupun haji khusus / plus pasti berbeda-beda, Call/Wa. 0851-00-444-682 hal ini dikarenakan adanya perubahan komponen harga untuk kebutuhan pokok naik haji seperti biaya transportasi dan akomodasi termasuk living cost yang dibutuhkan jamaah selama berada di tanah suci sangat fluktuatif. Selain menyediakan paket-paket haji onh plus, umrah dan tour muslim sebagai bentuk layanan yang tersedia, Travel Aida Tourindo Wisata juga berusaha menghadirkan mutowif (pembimbing) ibadah umroh haji yang ahli dan mendalami bidang Fiqih Islam, terutama untuk masalah ibadah umrah dan haji.

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Setiap tahunnya biaya naik haji baik haji reguler maupun haji khusus / plus pasti berbeda-beda, Call/Wa. 0821-6122-7222 hal ini dikarenakan adanya perubahan komponen harga untuk kebutuhan pokok naik haji seperti biaya transportasi dan akomodasi termasuk living cost yang dibutuhkan jamaah selama berada di tanah suci sangat fluktuatif. Selain menyediakan paket-paket haji onh plus, umrah dan tour muslim sebagai bentuk layanan yang tersedia, Travel Alhijaz Indowisata juga berusaha menghadirkan mutowif (pembimbing) ibadah umroh haji yang ahli dan mendalami bidang Fiqih Islam, terutama untuk masalah ibadah umrah dan haji.

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bagaimana cara mendaftar haji plus

Setiap tahunnya biaya naik haji baik haji reguler maupun haji khusus / plus pasti berbeda-beda, Call/Wa. 0821-6122-7222 hal ini dikarenakan adanya perubahan komponen harga untuk kebutuhan pokok naik haji seperti biaya transportasi dan akomodasi termasuk living cost yang dibutuhkan jamaah selama berada di tanah suci sangat fluktuatif. Selain menyediakan paket-paket haji onh plus, umrah dan tour muslim sebagai bentuk layanan yang tersedia, Travel Alhijaz Indowisata juga berusaha menghadirkan mutowif (pembimbing) ibadah umroh haji yang ahli dan mendalami bidang Fiqih Islam, terutama untuk masalah ibadah umrah dan haji.

bagaimana cara mendaftar haji plus

beda umroh 9 hari dan 12 hari

Setiap tahunnya biaya naik haji baik haji reguler maupun haji khusus / plus pasti berbeda-beda, Call/Wa. 0821-6122-7222 hal ini dikarenakan adanya perubahan komponen harga untuk kebutuhan pokok naik haji seperti biaya transportasi dan akomodasi termasuk living cost yang dibutuhkan jamaah selama berada di tanah suci sangat fluktuatif. Selain menyediakan paket-paket haji onh plus, umrah dan tour muslim sebagai bentuk layanan yang tersedia, Travel Alhijaz Indowisata juga berusaha menghadirkan mutowif (pembimbing) ibadah umroh haji yang ahli dan mendalami bidang Fiqih Islam, terutama untuk masalah ibadah umrah dan haji.

beda umroh 9 hari dan 12 hari

saco-indonesia.com, Pelatih Walter Mazzarri juga sangat kecewa dengan performa para pemain Internazionale saat dibungkam oleh tu

saco-indonesia.com, Pelatih Walter Mazzarri juga sangat kecewa dengan performa para pemain Internazionale saat dibungkam oleh tuan rumah Juventus 1-3 di giornata 22 Serie A 2013/14.

Dalam laga di Juventus Stadium itu, Senin (03/2), Inter bahkan telah tertinggal 0-3 terlebih dahulu melalui gol-gol Stephan Lichtsteiner, Giorgio Chiellini dan Arturo Vidal. Satu-satunya gol hiburan Nerazzurri telah diciptakan oleh Rolando pada menit 71.

"Penguasaan bola hampir seimbang, tapi ada beberapa faktor yang telah menciptakan perbedaan besar. Determinasi Juventus lebih baik dan mereka lebih agresif, sedangkan kami bermain sangat lamban dan terkesan malas," kata Mazzarri seperti dilansir Football Italia.

"Meski begitu, kami juga sempat menciptakan beberapa kesempatan. Jangan lupa, Rodrigo Palacio dua kali berpeluang untuk mengubah skor jadi 3-2. Kami harus fokus untuk dapat meningkatkan determinasi tim," imbuhnya.

Akibat dari kekalahan tersebut, Inter sekarang telah menempati peringkat enam dengan 33 angka atau terpaut 11 dari Napoli di batas tiga besar.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

saco-indonesia.com, PT XL Axiata masih harus mengandalkan layanan data untuk dapat mendongkrak pendapatan tahun lalu. Layanan da

saco-indonesia.com, PT XL Axiata masih harus mengandalkan layanan data untuk dapat mendongkrak pendapatan tahun lalu. Layanan data XL telah memberikan kontribusi bagi pendapatan XL sebesar 23 persen dan tumbuh hingga 142 persen.

Pada 2012, layanan data XL hanya telah memberikan kontribusi bagi total pendapatan sebesar 20 persen. Saat ini total pelanggan data telah mencapai 33 juta pelanggan atau sekitar 54 persen dari total pelanggan XL.

Presiden Direktur XL Axiata Hasnul Suhaimi juga mengatakan pihaknya telah kembali berupaya untuk dapat menyiapkan yang terbaik kepada pelanggan dengan menyediakan layanan telekomunikasi selular terbaik terutama di data.

"XL sebagai salah satu pemimpin dalam mobile data telah menunjukkan kemampuan dan komitmennya dalam memberikan layanan data yang unggul kepada pelanggan," katanya, Kamis (6/2).

Sejumlah layanan data memang telah menjadi andalan anak usaha Axiata Berhad itu. Melalui kerja sama dengan Google, XL telah menawarkan Rumah Android untuk pengguna Android.

Android Starter Pack telah memberikan masa aktivasi kartu SIM yang lebih lama dan beragam aplikasi untuk dapat memberi kemudahan dan mendorong penggunaan mobile data.

Selain itu, XL meluncurkan XL BEBAS dengan tujuan untuk dapat meningkatkan layanan data yang terjangkau dan dapat menarik pengguna layanan data baru.

XL berkolaborasi dengan beragam aplikasi seperti KakaoTalk, Facebook dan WeChat di 2013 untuk dapat memperkuat posisi XL di komunitas jejaring sosial.

Hasnul melanjutkan selama 2013, smartphone telah tumbuh secara signifikan sebesar 21 persen dibandingkan dengan tahun lalu telah mencapai 10,2 juta pelanggan atau 17 persen dari total pelanggan.

Sesuai dengan strategi XL untuk tetap fokus dalam investasi pada jaringan infrastruktur layanan data, XL kembali melakukan ekspansi di infrastruktur jaringan data dengan menambah Node B dan BTS 2G diseluruh Indonesia.

XL juga telah memiliki 15.068 Node B, meningkat 15 persen dari tahun lalu. Total BTS 2G dan 3G sebanyak 44.946 BTS. XL kembali berupaya untuk dapat meningkatkan jaringan melalui modernisasi jaringan 2G dan 3G di mayoritas wilayah diseluruh Indonesia, dimana modernisasi ini akan dapat memberikan kecepatan jaringan yang lebih baik, kapasitas dan efisiensi energi.

Selain itu, produk-produk inovatif dan berbagai penawaran dikenalkan untuk dapat mengurangi penurunan dari layanan Suara dan SMS. Beragam produk tersebut seperti XLKu, SERBU, SMS Rp1 dan LINE SMS sticker untuk memenuhi kebutuhan pelanggan dan meningkatkan penggunaan dari layanan Suara dan SMS dari tahun lalu.

"Upaya untuk dapat meningkatkan posisi kita dan kecermatan eksekusi membuat XL dapat meningkatkan momentum operasionalnya dan mencatat pertumbuhan pelanggan sebesar 32 persen dan mengakhiri tahun 2013 dengan 60,5 juta pelanggan," katanya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

Di Indonesia, khususnya di Jakarta telah berkembang pesat trend penggunaan mobil sewaan yang digunakan sebagai kendaraan operasi

Di Indonesia, khususnya di Jakarta telah berkembang pesat trend penggunaan mobil sewaan yang digunakan sebagai kendaraan operasional pribadi atau kendaraan pada suatu perusahaan. Hal ini telah dianggap sebagai efisiensi pengeluaran biaya operasional, dalam hal perawatan kendaraan operasional. Dengan menggunakan mobil rental, maka dapat menghemat pengeluaran tersebut.

AwaniRentCar telah menyediakan jasa sewa mobil Jakarta dan kami juga memberikan garansi prima untuk setiap layanan sewa mobil yang akan diberikan kepada setiap pelanggan.

Kami juga menyediakan beberapa jenis mobil dengan transmisi manual atau otomatis yang terawat, bersih, nyaman, dan bertarif kompetitif.

Tentunya kami juga sangat mengutamakan keselamatan, keamanan, dan kenyamanan pelanggan dalam memakai jasa sewa mobil kami.

Hubungi kami sekarang untuk mendapatkan armada sewa mobil Jakarta dan kota lain di Indonesia!

Gubernur DKI Jakarta Joko Widodo pada tengah pekan ini berencana mendatangi Kepulauan Seribu.

JAKARTA, Saco-Indonesia.com — Gubernur DKI Jakarta Joko Widodo pada tengah pekan ini berencana mendatangi Kepulauan Seribu. Kedatangannya terkait dengan rencana menata wilayah tersebut sekaligus melantik bupatinya.

Selama ini, kata Jokowi, dirinya mengaku belum menguasai wilayah Kepulauan Seribu. Salah satu alasannya adalah sempitnya waktu untuk meninjau langsung, ditambah dengan sarana transportasi laut yang sangat bergantung pada cuaca.

Atas dasar itu, waktu melantik bupati Kepulauan Seribu nanti bakal dimanfaatkan Jokowi untuk meninjau beberapa titik. Dalam kesempatan itu, cetak biru penataannya juga bakal segera diperbarui.

"Minggu ini memang benar akan melantik bupati Pulau Seribu. Jujur saja, lapangannya (Pulau Seribu) belum saya lihat secara total, blueprint-nya masih yang lama," kata Jokowi di Balaikota Jakarta, Senin (3/6/2013).

Sebelumnya, Jokowi sudah beberapa kali mengunjungi Kepulauan Seribu. Selain menemui warga, kunjungan itu juga sebagai tinjauan lapangan terkait dengan upaya mengeksplorasi dan meningkatkan potensi pariwisata di Kepulauan Seribu. Mantan Wali Kota Surakarta ini mengatakan, upaya menggenjot potensi wisata di kepulauan itu masih di permukaan.

Editor :Liwon Maulana

Sumber:Kompas.com

Tindakan tergantung pada pikiran masing-masing orang, dan tidak setiap orang diberi kebebasan untuk setiap respon untuk setiap k

Tindakan tergantung pada pikiran masing-masing orang, dan tidak setiap orang diberi kebebasan untuk setiap respon untuk setiap kejadian di sekitarnya?. Kami adalah raja-raja pikiran kita sendiri, tetapi lingkungan mempengaruhi cara seseorang berpikir. jika kita hidup di lingkungan yang positif, maka jalan ... Selanjutnya

Wakil Ketua Umum Partai Demokrat, Max Sopacua, juga mengatakan, bergabungnya Jumhur Hidayat ke PDIP hal yang wajar. Namun dia juga mengingatkan, jika Jumhur punya tanggung jawab moral sebagai Kepala BNP2TKI.

Wakil Ketua Umum Partai Demokrat, Max Sopacua, juga mengatakan, bergabungnya Jumhur Hidayat ke PDIP hal yang wajar. Namun dia juga mengingatkan, jika Jumhur punya tanggung jawab moral sebagai Kepala BNP2TKI.

"Untuk melarang tidak ada yang bisa, tapi dia juga punya tanggung jawab moral sebagai Kepala BNP2TKI di bawah Presiden SBY," kata dia.

Menurut Max, untuk bisa menjadi pejabat publik tidak tertutup kemungkinan bisa dari partai lain. Max menilai, Jumhur hijrah ke PDIP karena ada yang diincar. Selama ini, kata dia, Jumhur ngebet jadi menteri.

"Beliau cita-cita ingin jadi menteri, sekarang kan belum tercapai," terangnya.

Bergabung ke PDIP, salah satu strategi Jumhur untuk dapat mencapai cita-citanya itu. Persoalannya, lanjut dia, Jumhur juga punya tanggung jawab moral karena saat ini masih menjabat.

"Biarkan rakyat saja yang menilai. Untuk melarang tidak ada yang bisa karena itu hak politik dia," pungkasnya.

saco-indonesia.com, Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) telah kembali memanggil mantan Deputi V Bank Indonesia Bidang Pengawasan,

saco-indonesia.com, Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) telah kembali memanggil mantan Deputi V Bank Indonesia Bidang Pengawasan, Budi Mulya, sebagai tersangka dalam kasus dana talangan Bank Century.

KPK juga hari ini akan memanggil kepala bagian investasi direktorat keungan PT Asabri (persero) Achmad Sulawijaya terkait pemberian fasilitas jangka pendek (FPJP) dalam kasus Bank Century yang berdampak sistemik.

Dia juga akan diiperiksa sebagai saksi bagi Budi Mulya. "Yang bersangkutan akan diperiksa sebagai saksi," kata Kepala Bagian Pemberitaan dan Informasi KPK, Priharsa Nugraha, Selasa (24/12/2013).

Sebelumnya, Ketua Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan, Hadi Poernomo, telah merilis Laporan Hasil Perhitungan Kerugian Negara atas kasus bailout Bank Century di Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi. Laporan perhitungan kerugian negara telah dibagi atas dugaan tindak pidana korupsi dalam Pemberian Fasilitas Jangka Pendek kepada PT Bank Century dan proses penetapan Bank Century sebagai bank gagal berdampak sistemik.

Menurut Hadi Poernomo, pada kasus FPJP Bank Century, negara telah dirugikan hingga sebesar Rp 689,39 miliar."Nilai tersebut juga merupakan penyaluran FPJP kepada Bank Century pada 14,17, dan 18 November 2008," kata Hadi di KPK, Jakarta Selatan.

Adapun dalam proses penetapan Bank Century sebagai bank gagal berdampak sistemik, kerugian negara sebesar Rp 6,7 triliun. "Nilai tersebut juga merupakan keseluruhan penyaluran penyertaan modal sementara oleh Lembaga Penjamin Simpanan kepada Bank Century periode 24 November 2008 sampai dengan 24 Juli 2009," ujar Hadi Poernomo.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

saco-indonesia.com, Wali Kota Surabaya Tri Rismaharini tengah menggagas konsep Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) atau konsep angkutan mas

saco-indonesia.com, Wali Kota Surabaya Tri Rismaharini tengah menggagas konsep Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) atau konsep angkutan massal berbasis kereta dalam kota. MRT yang berbentuk monorel dan trem itu, dinilai paling efektif untuk bisa mengatasi kemacetan. MRT juga akan membelah kawasan timur dan barat di Kota Pahlawan.

Untuk bisa merealisasikan konsep itu, puluhan investor, baik dari dalam maupun luar negeri, telah didatangkan khusus ke Kota Pahlawan untuk bisa mendengarkan langsung paparan mengenai konsep MRT. Dan hari ini (18/12), mereka akan dijadwalkan meninjau lokasi yang akan digunakan untuk MRT.

Menurut Tri Rismaharini, paparan yang telah disampaikan tim promotor dilakukan pada Selasa malam di Hotel Majapahit. Hal tersebut sebagai proses awal dari realisasi pembuatan MRT. "Bagi investor yang tertarik, bisa langsung menawarkan investasi secara mandiri atau pun konsorsium," kata Risma.

Setelah itu, lanjut Risma, proses berlanjut pada prakualifikasi lelang, lelang, dan beauty contest. "Dalam proses beauty contest, para investor telah menawarkan konsep terbaik proyek MRT yang akan dilakukan, termasuk berapa harga yang paling ideal dan murah bagi warga Surabaya."

Wali kota kelahiran Kediri itu juga melanjutkan, tawaran konsep dari investor akan dinilai dari berbagai sudut pandang, seperti teknik mesin, manajemen usaha, dampak lingkungan, hingga sisi anggaran dari kalangan pemerintah. "Semuanya akan dinilai langsung oleh tim yang kita bentuk," katanya.

Risma juga berharap, di akhir masa jabatannya nanti, yaitu pada tahun 2015 mendatang, MRT yang berbentuk monorel dan trem itu akan beroperasi secara efektif. "MRT ini juga dinilai paling efektif untuk bisa mengatasi kemacetan di Kota Surabaya. Nantinya, MRT juga akan membelah kawasan Surabaya menjadi kawasan timur dan barat," papar dia.

Meski begitu, alumnus Institut Teknologi 10 November Surabaya (ITS) itu juga menjanjikan, pembangunan MRT di Kota Pahlawan ini, tidak akan menghilangkan angkot yang selama ini sudah lebih dulu eksis.

Angkot, kata dia, akan difungsikan sebagai angkutan pengumpan trem dan monorel. "Kami juga tidak berencana membunuh mata pencaharian sopir angkot, justru kami juga akan melakukan peremajaan angkot," janji Risma.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

Siapa sih yang tidak mau tidur dengan nyenyak? Tentu saja “terms & conditions” orang biar bisa tidur nyenyak san

Siapa sih yang tidak mau tidur dengan nyenyak? Tentu saja “terms & conditions” orang biar bisa tidur nyenyak sangat berbeda-beda. Beberapa orang telah memerlukan kehadiran lampu tidur biar bisa nyenyak. Kalau kamu termasuk tipe yang satu ini, maka banyak lho pilihan lampu tidur murah yang lucu-lucu.

Lampu tidur murah yang berkarakter telah banyak ditemukan, tapi sulit untuk menentukan mana yang berkualitas. Pasalnya, lampu tidur adalah alat elektronik, dan keamanan telah menjadi salah satu prioritas utama juga. Jadi, jangan cuma memilih lampu tidur dengan karakter kesukaan saja, tapi juga faktor lain yang membuatnya fungsional.

Ukuran Lampu Tidur Murah

Karena fungsinya hanya sebagai penerangan secukupnya saja, maka ukuran dari lampu tidur murah yang kamu pilih pun harusnya tidak terlalu besar. Malah, lebih baik lagi jika lampu tidur ini dipilih dengan ukuran yang kecil saja, agar tidak terlalu memakan tempat juga.

Kalau kamu susah menemukannya, lampu meja juga dapat dijadikan alternative sebagai pilihan lampu tidur murah. Sekarang ini banyak juga lampu meja dengan konsep karakter lucu yang dijual.

Lampu Tidur Murah yang Tidak Silau

Intensitas cahaya juga telah menjadi salah satu faktor penentu lampu tidur murah yang akan dibeli. Karena sifatnya hanya untuk menemani tidur kamu, pilihlah lampu tidur murah dengan intensitas yang rendah saja. Kalau terlalu silau, kamu malah tidak bisa tidur nantinya.

Warna Lampu Tidur Murah

Warna dari lampu tidur murah juga harus diperhatikan. Pilihlah warna lampu kuning tidak cocok untuk lampu tidur, karena warna kuning akan dapat merangsang orang untuk tetap beraktivitas. Kalau kamu perhatikan di kamar hotel, warna lampu tidurnya adalah putih kebiruan yang cukup muram. Warna ini akan dapat membuat kamu mengantuk lebih cepat.

Tata Letak Lampu Tidur Murah

Jika kamu sudah membeli lampu tidur murah dengan karakter yang kamu sukai, kini kamu juga harus mengetahui teknik peletakan lampu tidur ini. Kalau kamu pakai lampu meja sebagai lampu tidurmu, kamu tidak perlu memindahkannya lagi. Tetap letakkan di atas meja saja, dan nyalakan pada saat kamu ingin tidur.

Satu hal penting yang harus kamu ingat kalau kamu mau meletakkan lampu tidur murah yang baru kamu beli adalah jarak dengan ranjang. Kamu tentu tidak mau muka dipapar sinar ketika tidur, dong? Walaupun sinarnya remang, tetap saja itu malah menjadi polusi cahaya buatmu. Jadi, letakkan setidaknya agak jauh agar tidak mencapai muka.

 

The career criminals in genre novels don’t have money problems. If they need some, they just go out and steal it. But such financial transactions can backfire, which is what happened back in 2004 when the Texas gang in Michael

Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

Photo
 
Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

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Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

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Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

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Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

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President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

Mr. Napoleon was a self-taught musician whose career began in earnest with the orchestra led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers.

Frontline  An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.
Frontline

Frontline An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.

The program traces the outbreak to its origin, thought to be a tree full of bats in Guinea.

Review: ‘9-Man’ Is More Than a Game for Chinese-Americans

A variation of volleyball with nine men on each side is profiled Tuesday night on the World Channel in an absorbing documentary called “9-Man.”

Television

‘Hard Earned’ Documents the Plight of the Working Poor

“Hard Earned,” an Al Jazeera America series, follows five working-class families scrambling to stay ahead on limited incomes.

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United’s first-class and business fliers get Rhapsody, its high-minded in-flight magazine, seen here at its office in Brooklyn. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

Last summer at a writers’ workshop in Oregon, the novelists Anthony Doerr, Karen Russell and Elissa Schappell were chatting over cocktails when they realized they had all published work in the same magazine. It wasn’t one of the usual literary outlets, like Tin House, The Paris Review or The New Yorker. It was Rhapsody, an in-flight magazine for United Airlines.

It seemed like a weird coincidence. Then again, considering Rhapsody’s growing roster of A-list fiction writers, maybe not. Since its first issue hit plane cabins a year and a half ago, Rhapsody has published original works by literary stars like Joyce Carol Oates, Rick Moody, Amy Bloom, Emma Straub and Mr. Doerr, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction two weeks ago.

As airlines try to distinguish their high-end service with luxuries like private sleeping chambers, showers, butler service and meals from five-star chefs, United Airlines is offering a loftier, more cerebral amenity to its first-class and business-class passengers: elegant prose by prominent novelists. There are no airport maps or disheartening lists of in-flight meal and entertainment options in Rhapsody. Instead, the magazine has published ruminative first-person travel accounts, cultural dispatches and probing essays about flight by more than 30 literary fiction writers.

 

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Sean Manning, executive editor of Rhapsody, which publishes works by the likes of Joyce Carol Oates, Amy Bloom and Anthony Doerr, who won a Pulitzer Prize. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

 

An airline might seem like an odd literary patron. But as publishers and writers look for new ways to reach readers in a shaky retail climate, many have formed corporate alliances with transit companies, including American Airlines, JetBlue and Amtrak, that provide a captive audience.

Mark Krolick, United Airlines’ managing director of marketing and product development, said the quality of the writing in Rhapsody brings a patina of sophistication to its first-class service, along with other opulent touches like mood lighting, soft music and a branded scent.

“The high-end leisure or business-class traveler has higher expectations, even in the entertainment we provide,” he said.

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Some of Rhapsody’s contributing writers say they were lured by the promise of free airfare and luxury accommodations provided by United, as well as exposure to an elite audience of some two million first-class and business-class travelers.

“It’s not your normal Park Slope Community Bookstore types who read Rhapsody,” Mr. Moody, author of the 1994 novel “The Ice Storm,” who wrote an introspective, philosophical piece about traveling to the Aran Islands of Ireland for Rhapsody, said in an email. “I’m not sure I myself am in that Rhapsody demographic, but I would like them to buy my books one day.”

In addition to offering travel perks, the magazine pays well and gives writers freedom, within reason, to choose their subject matter and write with style. Certain genres of flight stories are off limits, naturally: no plane crashes or woeful tales of lost luggage or rude flight attendants, and nothing too risqué.

“We’re not going to have someone write about joining the mile-high club,” said Jordan Heller, the editor in chief of Rhapsody. “Despite those restrictions, we’ve managed to come up with a lot of high-minded literary content.”

Guiding writers toward the right idea occasionally requires some gentle prodding. When Rhapsody’s executive editor asked Ms. Russell to contribute an essay about a memorable flight experience, she first pitched a story about the time she was chaperoning a group of teenagers on a trip to Europe, and their delayed plane sat at the airport in New York for several hours while other passengers got progressively drunker.

“He pointed out that disaster flights are not what people want to read about when they’re in transit, and very diplomatically suggested that maybe people want to read something that casts air travel in a more positive light,” said Ms. Russell, whose novel “Swamplandia!” was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize.

She turned in a nostalgia-tinged essay about her first flight on a trip to Disney World when she was 6. “The Magic Kingdom was an anticlimax,” she wrote. “What ride could compare to that first flight?”

Ms. Oates also wrote about her first flight, in a tiny yellow propeller plane piloted by her father. The novelist Joyce Maynard told of the constant disappointment of never seeing her books in airport bookstores and the thrill of finally spotting a fellow plane passenger reading her novel “Labor Day.” Emily St. John Mandel, who was a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction last year, wrote about agonizing over which books to bring on a long flight.

“There’s nobody that’s looked down their noses at us as an in-flight magazine,” said Sean Manning, the magazine’s executive editor. “As big as these people are in the literary world, there’s still this untapped audience for them of luxury travelers.”

United is one of a handful of companies showcasing work by literary writers as a way to elevate their brands and engage customers. Chipotle has printed original work from writers like Toni Morrison, Jeffrey Eugenides and Barbara Kingsolver on its disposable cups and paper bags. The eyeglass company Warby Parker hosts parties for authors and sells books from 14 independent publishers in its stores.

JetBlue offers around 40 e-books from HarperCollins and Penguin Random House on its free wireless network, allowing passengers to read free samples and buy and download books. JetBlue will start offering 11 digital titles from Simon & Schuster soon. Amtrak recently forged an alliance with Penguin Random House to provide free digital samples from 28 popular titles, which passengers can buy and download over Amtrak’s admittedly spotty wireless service.

Amtrak is becoming an incubator for literary talent in its own right. Last year, it started a residency program, offering writers a free long-distance train trip and complimentary food. More than 16,000 writers applied and 24 made the cut.

Like Amtrak, Rhapsody has found that writers are eager to get onboard. On a rainy spring afternoon, Rhapsody’s editorial staff sat around a conference table discussing the June issue, which will feature an essay by the novelist Hannah Pittard and an unpublished short story by the late Elmore Leonard.

“Do you have that photo of Elmore Leonard? Can I see it?” Mr. Heller, the editor in chief, asked Rhapsody’s design director, Christos Hannides. Mr. Hannides slid it across the table and noted that they also had a photograph of cowboy spurs. “It’s very simple; it won’t take away from the literature,” he said.

Rhapsody’s office, an open space with exposed pipes and a vaulted brick ceiling, sits in Dumbo at the epicenter of literary Brooklyn, in the same converted tea warehouse as the literary journal N+1 and the digital publisher Atavist. Two of the magazine’s seven staff members hold graduate degrees in creative writing. Mr. Manning, the executive editor, has published a memoir and edited five literary anthologies.

Mr. Manning said Rhapsody was conceived from the start as a place for literary novelists to write with voice and style, and nobody had been put off that their work would live in plane cabins and airport lounges.

Still, some contributors say they wish the magazine were more widely circulated.

“I would love it if I could read it,” said Ms. Schappell, a Brooklyn-based novelist who wrote a feature story for Rhapsody’s inaugural issue. “But I never fly first class.”

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”